The parties may submit statements to the conciliator describing the general nature of the dispute and the issues. Each party sends a copy of the statement to the other party. The conciliator may request further clarification, ask the parties to meet, or communicate verbally or in writing with the parties. The parties may even submit proposals to the conciliator to resolve the dispute. (iv) facilitate debate on new housing offerings; More formal forms of negotiation often begin with an interview between lawyers who communicate their client`s positions and propose transaction terms. The lawyers then return to their clients for instructions, and sometimes that is all it takes to reach an agreement. The rent-a-judge program is an innovative variant of arbitration, in which parties to the dispute choose a retired judge to hear their case in the same way as an arbitrator. Retired judges are sometimes used in traditional arbitration proceedings, but the rent-a-judge program uses normal court procedures (sometimes modified by contestants). Moreover, the judge`s decision has by law the legal status of a genuine court decision. The experiment has a considerable degree of success and acceptance in the jurisdictions where it has been approved, particularly California, but it is too early to say how widespread it will be. Since there is no need to wait for the trial date or to arrange the proceedings in public, the program buys a lot of time and privacy.
However, some observers are concerned about a path that could lead to a formally sanctioned class of justice available to those who cannot pay the price. By giving the litigants their first balanced view of the dispute, the Minitrial catalyzed a creative solution that focused almost exclusively on commercial objectives. It is hard to believe that a judicial solution could have worked. The Minitrial has significantly reduced litigation time, reduced legal fees and increased business productivity. There are few things managers fear more than litigation. Even petty cases have the potential to damage relationships, damage reputation and save huge sums of money, time and talent. Most managers know that complaints are on the rise. Smart managers know that they are also increasingly avoidable. Today, there are many alternatives to litigation that stifle complaints, settle long-standing disputes and even produce win-win solutions to long-standing and bitter struggles that would otherwise harm only both sides. Beyond the fundamental forms of out-of-court dispute resolution, there are other forms of alternative dispute resolution: conciliation is a less formal form of conciliation. This process does not require prior agreement. Each party can ask the other party to appoint a conciliator.
A conciliator is preferred, but two or three are also allowed. In the case of several conciliators, all must act together. If a party refuses an offer of conciliation, there can be no conciliation. The saga of Njs is an Icelandic story of a mediator who was so successful that he ended up threatening the structure of local power. It ends in a tragedy with the illegitimate cremation of Njal in his house, the flight of a family friend, a mini-war and the end of the dispute by the marriage of the two strongest survivors.