The government has said it could pursue bilateral agreements with some member states if it fails to reach EU-wide agreements. However, some experts have indicated that bilateral agreements could be limited by the EU`s exclusive competences. We want a close partnership in the future to address the common challenges of asylum and illegal immigration. Section 17 of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 obliges the government to negotiate an agreement with the EU allowing unaccompanied children of an asylum seeker in the EU to join family members legally residing in the UK, where it is in their best interest. This obligation applies regardless of whether we leave the EU with or without an agreement. The implementation of transfers is based on the replacement of an agreement and we are working to negotiate such an agreement as quickly as possible. Recent government statements have expressed confidence that the ability to negotiate new return agreements will strengthen the UK`s ability to return asylum seekers to other European countries, although some outside commentators have a different view. They will also apply during the transitional period of the WITHDRAWAL agreement for the UK, as most EU laws will continue to apply to the UK during this period, which expires at the end of the year. The UK has proposed a readmission agreement between the UK and the EU.
Both sides would agree to accept the return of citizens and certain categories of illegal foreign nationals to the territory of the other region. The EU should not authorise a new agreement to replace the Dublin Regulation It seems unlikely that the UK will be able to continue to rely on readmission agreements negotiated between the EU and third countries as a non-member state. The Labour politician accused Boris Johnson of making political statements that did not correspond to the reality of what the government is trying to negotiate. „Politically, [the Prime Minister] says we will have British laws to take back control, but in private they will retaliate Dublin or have some sort of agreement with the EU.” In practice, safe country rules are only applied to people who have transited through European Economic Area (EEA) member countries and Switzerland. The reason is that deportation to these Member States is allowed under a European agreement, the so-called Dublin Regulation. EU negotiators have reportedly rejected the UK`s demands for a new agreement to amend the Dublin Regulation, which requires EU member states to process certain asylum claims at the request of their neighbours. The Dublin regime was originally introduced by the Dublin Convention, signed in Dublin (Ireland) on 15 June 1990 and came into force on 1 October 1997 for the first twelve signatories (Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), and on 1 January 1998 for Finland.  While the agreement was only open to accession by the Member States of the European Communities, Norway and Iceland, non-member countries, reached an agreement with the EC in 2001 on the application of the provisions of the Convention on their territory.  The Dublin II Regulation was adopted in 2003 and replaced the Dublin Convention in all EU Member States, with the exception of Denmark, which is disconnected from enforcement regulations in the area of freedom, security and justice.  In 2006, an agreement came into force with Denmark to extend the application of the regulation to Denmark.  A separate protocol also extended the Iceland-Norway agreement to Denmark in 2006.  On 1 March 2008, the provisions of the regulation were also extended by a treaty to third countries, Switzerland which, on 5 June 2005, voted 54.6% in favour of their ratification, and Liechtenstein on 1 April 2011.
 It proposed two draft agreements with the EU on specific aspects of the Dublin Regulation: